True statements about monitoring w/ the Swan-Ganz catheter include:

1) CVP will not reflect LV dysfunction long as the rt side of the heart is functioning well

2) injectate that is too warm or of insufficient volume will cause a falsely high reading of CO

3) PCWP overestimates (i.e. is greater than) LV end-diastolic pressure in the presence of mitral stenosis

4) the PA is usually entered at 25 to 30 cm with rt IJ vein cannulation in an adult

Any or all of the answers may be correct! :hmmmm2: