About a year ago at clinical site I was at an MDA introduced me to closed circuit anesthesia for the end of my cases. I enjoy AND employ this technique routinely......

WHAT IS closed circuit anesthesia??

what are the advantages?

what are the disadvantages?

WHY do you use this technique?

Are there time constraints with a closed circuit?

How many others like closed circuit anesthesia?


pros/cons?

thoughts/answers?